Forestry in Victoria

Forestry is an important part of Victoria’s economy. It provides jobs, income and timber products derived from native forests and plantations.

Victoria’s forest and wood products industry is Australia’s largest.

24.4% of Australia’s log harvest volume, or 6.6 million cubic metres come from Victoria’s forests and plantations.

The industry makes approximately $560 million or 25.5% of the country’s forest produce manufacturing sales and service income.

Where timber is harvested and how it is used

Timber is harvested from plantations and native forest on public and private land.

Victoria has the biggest plantation estate in the country.

The 382,600 hectare plantation estate is made up of mainly Radiata Pine and Southern Blue Gum.

Plantation pine is used in residential and commercial construction as well as pulp and paper manufacturing.

Victoria has approximately 3.2 million hectares of State forest with 1.8 million hectares available for harvesting by the Victorian Government under the Allocation Order.

After the Allocation Order is modelled and environmental exclusions applied, about 458,000 hectares of State Forest is potentially suitable for harvesting.

Each year an average of around 3,000 hectares of native forest is harvested, representing 0.04% of the total forest area.

Hardwood from native forests is used for high-end furniture, joinery and flooring. Lower grade logs are generally used for the manufacturing of pallets and pulp and paper production.

Timber industry employment

The Victorian timber industry employs approximately 15,000 people in jobs like:

  • forestry and harvesting
  • forestry support services
  • wood product manufacturing
  • pulp, paper and packaging manufacturing.

Forest management

The Department of Energy, Environment and Climate Action manages Victoria’s State Forests.

More information about the management of Victoria’s forests and public land is on their Forests and Reserves website.

Page last updated: 11 January 2023